of McCulloch and McCulloh
This is my working hypothesis – the way I see it as of this moment!!
22 Sept 1744 – Alexander McCulloch signed bond in NC
1755 – Henry McCulloh designated as his agents his nephew Alexander McCulloch [for whom he had earlier secured an appointment as deputy auditor for North Carolina and who was a member of Dobbs’s Council] and John Campbell.
patents from Gabriel Johnston, Royal Governor
6 June 1739 Alexander McCulloh 100 acres in New Hanover Co, joining Seracty and the swamp
6 June 1739 Alexander McCulloh 640 acres in New Hanover Co on the E side of the NE branch of Cape Fear River, joining a Swamp above Mare branch.
20 April 1745 Alexander McCulloch 150 acres in New Hanover Co on the head or forks of the branch being the North East branch of the Black River, joining the Eastward of the sd. branch
6 April 1749 Alexander McCulloch 500 acres in Bladen Co on the NE side of Great P D joining above the mouth of Great creek and the river side.
6 April 1749 Alexander McCulloch 1000 acres in New Hanover Co on the NE side of Black river or Hoe branch being a prong of the NE branch of sd river, joining Houstons Land, sd branch and the river.
7 Oct 1749 Alexander McCullock 300 acres in New Hanover Co upon Panter Swamp, joining the swamp and near Gum branch
11 Oct 1749 Alexander McCullock/McCulloh 100 acres in New Hanover Co on the East side of Hoe branch or the N E Branch of black river near his tract of 1000 acres lately taken up by him on the sd. branch…..
patents from Arthur Dobbs, Royal Governor
10 Oct 1755 Alexander McCulloch 398 acres in Duplin Co on the E. side of the Ten Mile Swamp.
7 Oct 1756 Alexander McCulloh 300 acres in Anson Co on the SW side of Pe Dee river joining the E side of Brown Creek by a spring opposite Richard Spaights 400 acres on the sd creek….
5 Dec 1757 Alexander McCulloh 200 acres in New Hanover Co on the E side of Long Creek on Mardon Branch called Stoney run near Mardons Land, joining the NW side of the sd branch.
1 July 1758 Alex. McCulloh 400 acres in Anson Co on the SW side of the Pee Dee river joining both sides of Richardsons creek – being Seatles and Franks fifth.
21 Oct 1758 Alexander McCulloch 200 acres in Anson Co on the E. side of the S fork of Cautaubaw River below Philip Rudisell on Hoits Mill Creek about a mile above the mill joining the E bank of the sd creek.
10 May 1760 Alexander McCulloch 100 acres in Duplin Co on Kings Branch joining Henry McCulloch and a small branch.
“Colony of North Carolina 1735 -1764 Abstracts of Land Patents” by Margaret M Hofman
Both Alexander McCulloch and Henry E. McCulloh and Richard Speight were members of Gov. Dobb’s Council
[Wheeler and Moore say that my James Jones was also a member of his council –no mention in the records]
Sarah Hill 1716 – 1771 age 55
married ca 1736 Alexander I McCulloch 1715 Ireland – 1799 Halifax Co NC age 84
son of Henry McCulloch and grandson of James of Grogan
Will of Alexander McCulloch 5 June 1795 prov. Nov Ct 1798 Halifax Co NC
– granddaughters: Sarah McCulloch, Mary McCulloch, and Elizabeth McCulloch each a slave
– grandsons: Samuel McCulloch, Benjamin McCulloch, and Alexander McCulloch each a slave
– grandson Alexander McCulloch – the land and plantation and mill in Warren and Deek the miller and his wife
– grandson Alexander Frohock – slaves
– my extrs to sell my plantation in Halifax to pay my debts – remainder to go to my McCulloch grandchildren
Wit: Mary Jones, Elizabeth Ashe and John B Ashe
Exrs: John Baptist Ashe and Willie Jones
Codicil: –1797 – grandsons Samuel McCulloch and Benjamin McCulloch the lands joining John Purnal and my extrs to sell the land joining Lungsford Long and Jones
Wits: Julius Horton, John Purnal, William Purnal
Alexander McCulloch – will proved on oath of Mary Jones, Julius Horton and William Pernal Nov Ct 1798. Division of Negroes not bequeathed to his grandchildren, Nov Ct 1798
Alexander McCulloch – John B Ashe qualified as exr. Feb Ct 1799. Account of sale by the exr. Feb Ct 1799, Division Feb Ct 1799.
Benjamin McCulloch – Samuel McCulloch [orphan of the dec’d] chose John B Ashe as his gdn. Nov Ct 1798. Negroes ordered divided among his representatives. Nov Ct 1798
Benjamin McCulloch – Benjamin Williamson was appd gdn of Benjamin McCulloch and Elizabeth McCulloch [orphans of the dec’d] Feb Ct 1799. Division Feb Ct 1799. Petition by Alexander McCulloch et al [heirs fo representatives of the dec’d] for division of lands, Feb Ct 1800.
Benjamin Williamson filed a gdn account for the orphans Benjamin and Elizabeth McCulloch Feb Ct 1801, Administration de bonis non granted to Benjamin Williamson Aug Ct 1801. Allen Jones filed an account current of the estate in the name of Willie Jones dec’d admr. Feb Ct 1802.
Children of Alexander I McCulloch and Sarah Hill:
1. Benjamin McCulloch ca 1737 – 1792 Edenton
represented Halifax Co at the NC Congress at Halifax in Nov/Dec 1776 when state constitution was formed
married 1758 Sarah Stokes
sister of John Stokes, U S Judge and NC Governor Montfort Stokes.
a. Alexander McCulloch 16 Aug 1776 Lurenburg VA – 4 Aug 1846 Dyer Co TN
married 11 Sept 1799 Frances Fisher LeNoir
11 Apr 1780 Dimwitte Co VA – 10 May 1868 Ellis Co TN
i. Alexander McCulloch III
married Prudence Davy
ii. John Stokes McCulloch
married Frances Peebles [Williams]
iii. Sarah Montfort Stokes McCulloch
married Albert Keeble
iv. Samuel McCulloch
v. Mary Ann McCulloch
married William L Mitchell
vi. Andrew Jackson McCulloch dy
vii. Frances Olivia McCulloch
married Charles Parish
viii. Benjamin McCulloch – Texas Ranger – died at the battle of Pea Ridge
ix. Harriet Maria McCulloch
married Nathaniel Benton
x. Rev. Henry Eustace McCulloch
married Jane Isabella Ashby
xi. James Coffee McCulloch
married Jane Wilson
xii. Elizabeth Julia McCulloch
married R W Tarrant
xiii. Adelaide Delia McCulloch
married Albert G Pearce
b. Sarah McCulloch – left no issue
married 8 Dec 1796 John G. L. Schenck d. 1806 Philadelphia testate
c. Samuel McCulloch drowned 1809 near Nashville TN
married Halifax Co 12 May 1808 Sarah [Sally] W Moore dau of George
i. Elizabeth McCulloch ca 1809 –
married Thomas Kirkman
d. Mary McCulloch [twin to Sam]
married 5 Sept 1798 Benjamin Weldon Williamson
[rep in NCLeg. from NH Co 1794, 1795, 1796, 1797]
i. Lewis P Williamson
married Mary E Littlejohn
ii. Priscilla M Williamson
married Dr. W S Burt
iii. Rev. Samuel Mc Williamson
married 1st Mary Chapman
iv. Benjamin W Williamson
married Eliza Hamlin
v. Sarah E Williamson
married E S Tappan
e. Benjamin McCulloch 16 April 1789 – 1847 in TN by 1805
underage in 1801 – 1825 Elder of the Presbyterian Church in Murfreesboro TN
married Sarah Ann [nee Lytle] Caswell 27 June 1790 – 1862
i. Adelaide Stokes McCulloch 30 Dec 1812 –
married James Nichol
ii. Mary Elizabeth McCulloch 22 Nov 1816 –
married 1834 Thomas Hord 1802 –
iii. Ann McCulloch 13 Oct 1818 – dy
iv. Henry Montfort McCulloch 14 May 1819 – died single person
v. Benjamin Williamson McCulloch
married Ann M Cannon
vi. Samuel Daves McCulloch
married Sallie Booker
vii. Dr. Philip Doddridge McCulloch 10 Jan 1825 –
married Lucy Virginia Burris
viii. Sarah Ann McCulloch 25 Oct 1822 –
married Dr. Peter A Perkins
ix. Richard Caswell McCulloch 13 May 1828 –
married Kate Ledbetter
x. Thomas James McCulloch died wo issue
xi. John McCulloch 15 Sept 1821 – died single person
xii. Ellen Priscilla McCulloch 26 Oct 1829 –
married Thomas Patterson
f. Elizabeth McCulloch d. 24 Jan 1825 Raleigh of a lung disease
married 4 Nov 1801 William Boylan a printer of Raleigh
i. John Hodge Boylan died unmarried
ii. Alexander McCulloch Boylan died unmarried
iii. Eleanor Eliza Boylan died unmarried advanced age
iv. Samuel McC Boylan
married Miss Collins
v. Mary Adelaide Boylan died unmarried
vi. James Boylan died unmarried
vii. Catherine Boylan died unmarried
viii. Sarah Boylan died unmarried
ix. William Montfort Boylan
married Miss Kincey
2. daughter McColloch
married John or Thomas Frohock
they went to England during the Revolution
a. Alexander Frohock
From the analysis by Bob Epperson of James Iredell’s Family History.
James Iredell (JI) notes that Henry McCulloch, a Scotsman married a daughter of James McCulloch of Grogan by his first wife, and this Henry McCulloch had a son Alexander McCulloch of Halifax Co, NC. Secretary Henry brings a letter with him to North Carolina in March 1755 from Alexander McAuley (who could be relatives of the McCulloch with a very different spelling of the name) in Ireland which asks Governor Dobbs to assist Alexander McCulloch in finding a better placement, which Dobbs promises to do. . .He now remembers to mention the connection of Henry McCulloch, father of Alexander, but forgets his error above.
JI mentions at this point that Alexander McCulloch is a cousin to Henry Eustace McCulloh, but Henry McCulloh is omitted from the children of James of Grogan,.
This is further emphasized by the last part of the last sentence below. “Alexander . . . is first cousin by the half blood to . . . Henry Eustace McCulloch the only surviving child of Henry McCulloch Esq, the brother of William and James” JI is stating that Henry McCulloh (d 1779) is the brother of William and James the other sons he listed as the children of James McCulloch of Grogan. Several letters between Henry Eustace and James Iredell also refer to him as cousin
Now we have a Henry McCulloch as the father of Alexander McCulloch. He has given the Secretary the status of a son of James McCulloch of Grogan. The Secretary is obviously someone well connected with the family or Iredell would not have even though of him. After all, the Secretary died 18 years before Iredell set down the genealogy. He died in North Carolina when Iredell was only 4 years old in Bristol , England . Why would the late Secretary been known to Iredell let alone come to his mind when he is thinking of the sons of JMG?
If Henry the Secretary is not Alexander’s father, what position does he have in the McCulloch family?
Iredell is well acquainted with Col Alexander as he refers to him, and Alexander’s son Benjamin. If Alexander were Henry the Secretary’s son, this would provide a connection that would refresh Iredell’s memory of the connection.
The Secretary’s daughter, Dorothy Berisford McCulloch McClintock, names her first child Alexander-Henry McClintock (Burke’s Landed Gentry 1834 &1855). This implies a fairly close connection between Alexander and Henry’s family, which might reflect naming the child after her brother and her father.
Just a few more points that in my mind strengthen this proposition:
a) Henry McCulloch signed his will with his mark, not a signature.
- b) Arthur Dobbs calls Alexander an incompetent auditor who doesn’t know the method or account to check. Alexander receives only deputy or acting positions under Dobbs, with the exception of judge or justice of the peace.
- c) Henry E didn’t appear to think much of Alexander’s son Benjamin. He replaced him with Cousin James Iredell as agent for Henry E in his position as Collector of Customs for the Port of Roanoke, NC.
London 5 May 1770 , Henry Eustace McCulloh to James Iredell: Ben: McCulloh seems to have made a great mistake in the first accot. (Nov. 1767) he settled with the Office, in my wrong, by an error of ¬£180. in casting up the debit side. See the Accot. I hope this has been set to rights: if not, I am sure no objection will arise to it from Mr. Hardy, and in that case, let the Sum be carried to the Credit of my accot. with him.
- d) Lord Halifax did not want to give Henry McCulloch a position and tried to brush him off as perhaps a poorly prepared candidate.
These four points offer a sharp contrast to William, James, and Henry, son’s of JMG and his second wife, as successful Merchants in Dublin , Bristol , and London respectively. It is a very sharp contrast to Henry McCulloh (d 1779) who at the very least assists in influencing the decision for two successive North Carolina Governors, who provided the first significant draft of the Stamp Act of 1765 that started the Revolution. Charles Macartney also seems to be a successful merchant. Henry McCulloch (d 1755) and his ‘son’ Alexander come off as marginally educated ‘Placemen’. A placeman is someone who receives his income from his placement in a government position. As placemen, Alexander and Henry (d 1755) depended on the favor of others (i.e relatives) to receive their place and income.
William, James, and Henry the sons of JMG and his second wife as well as Charles Macartney, married to JMG‚’s daughter by his first wife, had positions which generated their own income through trade without depending on the graciousness of others. This argues for Henry McCulloch being a ‘backwoods’ Scotsman who married well and received his income through the offices of family and friends, in particular his brother-in-law Henry McCulloh. The fact that Alexander has a similar level of education and experience implies a greater connection to Henry (d 1755) than the other members of the family
- e) In Henry McCulloch’s will probated in 1755, he names his ‘good friend’ John Campbell as co-executor with his wife Mary McCulloch. If Alexander were Henry’s son, then John Campbell, married to the sister of Alexander’s wife, would be a logical choice for co-executor. He would be independent of the conflicts of interest that Alexander might have with everything going to his mother and 4 younger sisters. Yet, John would be close enough to the family to know and be trusted by everyone, and able to be sure that everyone got a fair deal.
- f) Henry McCulloch shows up in NC for his brand new positions as Judge and Secretary on the 16th of Mar 1755. Arthur Dobbs writes an answer the next day probably to send by Henry’s boat as it returns. The very first thing he mentions before talking about politics, his accomplishments, or his family is Alexander McCulloch. The first sentence in his letter:
‘I last Sunday received y r favour of Aug: last by Secretary McCulloh who then arrived here, and Shall do any thing I can do for Aleck: McCulloh the auditor but at present there is no new fee Bill as the former was not repealed.’
E-mail update 12 July 08 from Bob Epperson:
I recently received an extract of McCulloch wills from the Public Records Office Northern Ireland (PRONI) which indicated that William McCulloch of Piedmont eldest son of James McCulloch of Groggan (presentday spelling) had three sons James of Calmy, William later of Calmy, and a Henry. This information combined with the Trust of 25 Oct 1755 between James McCulloch and Mary McCulloch (the secretary’s widow), which you sent me, appear to indicate that Secretary Henry was the younger son of William of Piedmont. The Trust then made his eldest brother James of Calmy trustee for his New South Sea Annuity. From the trust we can say that James of Calmy died about 1776 and was succeeded by his second brother William. I find reference to a will for William of ‘Camoly’ probated in 1800. I also find that the townland of Camly is still known as Camly McCulluagh. This is consistent with James Iredell squeezing Secretary Henry into his genealogy with the sons of William of Piedmont. The selection of James of Calmy as a trustee is also consistent with the concept of ‘doing business with family’ or some connection one can trust, which is so prevalent in the activities of the McCulloch/McCulloh family as well as other families of the time.
Henry McCulloch ca 1690 – 1755 | his parents
Secretary of North Carolina 1755
& est 1735 Mary McCulloch ca 1715 – | her parents
of Ireland and North Carolina
This is my working hypothesis – the way I see it as of this moment!!
using analysis by Bob Epperson of James Iredell’s Genealogy of the McCulloch Family
1746 – appointed naval officer at Cape Breton, which had been recently captured and held the post until it was handed back in 1748
Returned to England and spent five years without employment, constantly beseeching the assistance of the Duke of Newcastle and bemoaning his large family.
1754 – 21 June – Henry McCulloch was appointed the Secretary of North Carolina
Member of the Excutive Council of North Carolina
– 6 Dec – Officer or Judge of the Vice-Admiralty Court of North Carolina
Henry arrived in NC on 16 Mar 1755 and died 27 Oct 1755.
Children of Henry McCulloch and wife Mary McCulloch:
1. Henrietta Mary McCulloch d. bef March 1788
married bef March 1786 Mark Brownrig
2. Dorothy [Dolly] Berisford McCulloch
married 1762 James McClintock of Traintagh, Co Donegal, Northern Ireland 1735 –
a. Alexander-Henry McClintock
married bef March 1786 Jordan White
3. Elizabeth [Betsy] Margaret McCulloch
married ca 1756 William McGee
married 2nd bef March 1786 Capt. Joseph Meredith
4. Penelope [Poppy] Martha McCulloch d. ca 1771 Chowan Co NC
married bef 1770 Job Parker ca 1749 – 1812 Chowan Co NC
a. child 1771 – died as infant bef 1786
e-mail from Bob Epperson
excerpt from North Carolina Genealogical Journal Vol 26, No 2 May 2000, pg 207
McCULLOCH’S DAUGHTERS — Job Parker renounced his right of administration of his wife Penelope Parker who was one of the daughters and legal representatives of Henry McCulloch, Esq. formerly Secretary of the Province of North Carolina deceased and expressed his desire that administration be committed to Capt. Joseph Meredith who married Elizabeth also one of the daughters of Henry McCulloch. [From: Minutes of Chowan County, North Carolina, Inferior Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, March Term 1788, North Carolina Archives, Raleigh, North Carolina.]
I also have copies of two letters from James Iredell to Henry Eustace McCulloh, son of the land speculator, indicating that Penelope ‘Poppy’ was deceased and only Dolly and Betsy remained of the daughters of Henry McCulloch, Secretary. Iredell indicates that Betsy was married to Capt Meredith, which fits with the attached information.
From the analysis by Bob Epperson of James Iredell’s Family History.
Iredell then proceeds to mention the second son, Henry. The Henry he describes is Secretary Henry (d 1755) and his two daughters still living. This is the major ‘typo’ in the genealogy. We will discuss it later. The accuracy of this reference to Secretary Henry and his daughters is verified by Burke’s ‘History of The Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol II, 1834’ detailing the marriage of Secretary Henry’s daughter Dorothea Beresford McCullogh to James McClintock of Traintagh, Co Donegal, Northern Ireland about 1763. Dorothy became the Great-great-grandmother of Field Marshall Viscount Bernard Law Montgomery, Eisenhower’s Deputy for the D-Day Invasion of France.